American Eskimo Dog Information

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(Spitz, Standard Eskimo Dog, Toy Eskimo Dog, Miniature Eskimo Dog, American Eskimo, German Spitz, Deutscher Spitz, Eskie) American Eskimo Dogs are a Spitz-type breed that comes in three size varieties: standard, miniature, and toy. Their head is wedge-shaped and features an evenly proportioned muzzle and skull. The breed’s triangular-shaped ears stand erect. American Eskimo Dogs have prominent, almond-shaped eyes with dark eyelids. Their skin can vary from pink to gray, but black is the preferred color for their nose, gums, and pads. The body of the American Eskimo Dog is longer than it is tall, and their legs are sturdy and springy. The breed’s tail is heavily plumed and curls up over the back. Alaskan Eskimo Dogs have a lush, solid white coat that may or may not have biscuit or cream markings. Their topcoat is long and straight, and the undercoat is thick and plush.

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The American Eskimo Dog may also be known as the Alaskan Eskimo Dog.

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American Eskimo Dogs are fun-loving, playful, and charismatic. They are very good with children and make excellent family pets. Some Alaskan Eskimo dogs have an independent streak, but they usually adhere to their work and obey their master’s commands. A highly intelligent breed, the Alaskan Eskimo Dog is alert, acute, and easy to train. They need firm training to prevent the onset of behavioral difficulties or mischievous activities. They are protective over their families, but they will become accepting of strangers once they have been properly introduced. The breed aims to please, and they are exceptionally good at mastering tricks. Alaskan Eskimo dogs need attention, and they should be well-socialized to avoid the onset of aggressive behavior.

This breed is known to be very energetic and is rarely lazy.

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9 – 19 inches
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6 – 35 pounds
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General Health

American Eskimo Dogs are a comparatively healthy breed, but like most other large dog breeds, they are prone to hip dysplasia. Some eye and tear duct problems are also common in this breed. American Eskimo Dogs have a thick coat that should be kept clean to prevent the onset of fleas and dermatitis. They are a very long-lived breed.

This breed has rare instances of hip dysplasia. This breed has no real medical problems and has very little dander making them nearly hypo-allergenic. Some people that are normally allergic to dogs have found that the American Eskimo does not cause the reactions that other breeds do. Also note that some dogs, although rare, may form diabetes in their older years.

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American Eskimo Dogs originated in the United States in the twentieth century. The breed was formerly referred to as the German Spitz. They were brought to the United States from Germany during WWI, and then were renamed because of the anti-German feelings during and after the war. They were utilized as circus dogs in the 1930’s and 1940’s, and are the first breed to ever walk a tightrope. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1995. American Eskimo Dogs have a number of natural talents including guarding, narcotics detection, and trick performing. They are also good watchdogs.

This breed has been recognized by the UKC for more than 30 years.

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American Eskimo Dogs have a thick, lush, snow-white coat that needs surprisingly little grooming. Brushing twice a week with a firm bristle brush is sufficient. They are average shedders, and should be brushed daily when shedding. American Eskimo Dogs love to go for walks, and they should be properly exercised on a daily basis.

The American Eskimo Dog only needs to be bathed a few times a year or if odor calls for it. Most are prone to dry, sensitive skin and over bathing can inflame and irritate.

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Ideal Environment

As long as they are given daily exercise, an American Eskimo Dog can do well in a small household or apartment. Because of their activeness indoors, they are a breed that can be happy with a small yard. It’s important to ensure they are properly exercised because they have a natural propensity to put on weight.

They love the cold and enjoy being outside in the snow.

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Dog Training!

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American Eskimo Dog Q&A

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How do I get my dog to lose weight? She is about 10 pounds over weight. We walk her everyday and run her for about a mile a day. She is feed a half cup of food 2 times a day and is over weight. Is it the wrong food or just not enough exercise?

Assuming that she is on regular adult dog food, you seem to be doing everything correctly. If she is still on puppy food, it could explain her weight gain. You could switch her to diet dog food. It`s available from the vet or any major pet store. I`m not sure how long you`ve been exercising her but you should start to see results. 1 mile a day is plenty for a small breed.


I have an American Eskimo, male named Rex. He is 19 years old and in fairly good health. He does have arthritis. What is the life expectancy of this breed. No one can believe he is actually 19.

Eskios generally live for 15-16 years of age as far as i know. your ekie lived a longg life =]


I'm thinking of buying a toy eskimo puppy. but the only thing im not so fond of is the shedding. i heard that they leave litle white hairs all over?? is this true??

I have a male miniature eskie who lives indoors. We have hardwoods, and it looks like white tumbleweed!! I sweep several times a week to keep it under control. He's well worth the effort, though.


I have a white eskie. She has a brownish streak under her right eye. I was told dogs get that when they cry. Is it true? And how can I prevent that?

that isn't when they cry, its the type of water you use. waters with iron can cause this. Try getting distilled water. it should clear up.


i have a question what is hip dysplasia and how doe,s it affect the american eskmo dog what kind of sign does it show when they have it


How do I break my six year old male from wanting to attack the other dogs in the house when ever they so much as go close to his food or water bowls?


was the american eskimo breed used for hunting?

I don't know the answer to that yet, but my eskie has caught and killed many mice and chipmunks, six squirrels, one young hedgehog and a Canada Goose! He hunts tirelessly on walks and would rather hunt than play any games. He even caught a rabbit on the run once, but I got it away before he could kill it. When he isn't "hunting" he's a medical alert service dog and the sweetest pup on the planet.


I just recently got an american eskimo for a christmas present and my husband brought him home and he has a brown nose and green eyes they gave him paperwork for him I am trying to see if that is a bad thing since I thought they had black noses and brown eyes.


I have a 2 year old American Eskimo male. I have not had him neutred, as I was thinking of getting a female. He comes from a very good breeder, one of the top in the country. In the last months, his nose has gone from black to a brown color. I am not sure if it is a nutrition issue, as he is an extremely picky eater, or a natural process. I don't know now if I should breed him or have him neutered. His is such a wonderful dog. I throught any other color but black was not good.

Their noses can turn brown, with age and wear. As long as the outside is still black it's okay, we're looking to breed our 6 year old female for the last time, what state are you in?


my 4 yr old miniture american eskimo is losing his hair. He has been put on thyroid medication but I haven't seen any improvement. i'm just wondering if anyone has seen this in an american eskimo before?

well to be honest I'm not sure. If you bought your eskimo from someone I would see if they have any health issues, my eskimo was allergic to fleas and that made her loose her hair hope your eskimo gets better....

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