Border Collie Information

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The Border Collie is a medium-sized dog that resembles a lightweight Australian Shepherd. The body of this breed is just longer than its height at the withers. The breed’s skull is comparatively broad and features a distinctly marked stop. Their tapered muzzle features a black nose. The breed’s eyes are oval in shape and almost always dark brown in color. Occasionally, Border Collies with merle coats have blue eyes. The tail of the Border Collie extends to the hock and is sometimes raised when the dog is excited. There are two types of coats for the Border Collie. The first coat is coarse, thick, straight, and approximately 3 inches in length. The second variety of coat is sleek, glossy, and approximately 1 inch in length. The Border Collie’s coat exists in a range of colors including white, tri-color, black & gray, red & white, and all black. On the longer-haired Border Collie, the tail will be bushy and there will be a mane present around the neck. Hair around the face is always short. Because Border Collies are predominantly bred for working purposes, there are some variances in certain physical aspects of this breed.

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The Border Collie is a highly intelligent and perceptive working breed They are easy to train and they excel at obedience and agility. They seek approval and are sensitive. This breed is very high energy and enjoys plenty of vigorous activity. They have great stamina and approach activities with great enthusiasm. They are good-natured and get along well with other dogs and children. It’s important for this breed to receive enough exercise so that they don’t become bored, destructive, or aggressive towards other dogs of the same sex. Border Collies can be trained to interact well with other pets, but they generally shouldn’t be left unattended with small, non-canine pets. To avoid the onset of shyness, Border Collies should be properly socialized from an early age. This breed is a perfectionist and has a passionate drive to succeed. They are not a good choice for owners that don’t have a lot of time and energy to give to their pets. Border Collies can become neurotic if left unattended for long periods of time, and they are too high energy and intelligent to be left without a task to perform. Because of their natural herding instincts, the Border Collie can have a propensity to be snappish with children and strangers. This breed will do best with an experienced dog owner. The dominance level of dogs within this breed varies greatly.

In lists of dog breeds showing which breeds are most intelligent or most willing to be trained, the Border Collie almost always makes the top three.

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18 – 22 inches
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27 – 45 pounds

Male: 30-45 pounds Female: 27-45 pounds
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General Health

The Border Collie is a comparatively healthy breed, but some are prone to hip dysplasia. The breed is also prone to PRA and an eye disease called Collie Eye Anomaly. Epilepsy, deafness, and allergies to fleas are occasionally present in Border Collies. This breed typically lives for 12 to 15 years. They average 6 puppies per litter.

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The Border Collie is a descendant of old British droving breeds and certain types of spaniels. The breed originated along the Scottish/English border, in a place called Northumberland. The Border Collie has a number of natural talents and is an outstanding herding dog. Because of their ability to train so remarkably easy, the Border Collie has been heavily utilized as a detection dog and guide dog. This breed excels in obedience and agility.

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Especially with the longer-haired variety of the Border Collie, regular grooming attention is needed. Regular combing and brushing will help to keep the coat in pristine condition. During shedding season, extra care should be given to the soft, dense undercoat. A bath should be given only as necessary. The ears and coat of this breed should be checked regularly for ticks. Border Collies are average shedders.

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Ideal Environment

Border Collies have incredible stamina and energy levels, and they need plenty of daily activity. Providing exercise for this breed is helpful, but it’s equally as important for the Border Collie to have a job to perform. This breed isn’t suited for life in a small household or apartment. They are very active indoors and are most content to live in a home with acreage.

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Dog Training!

If you're having problems training your dog or getting control, you should read our review of Adam will do whatever it takes to help you whip your dog into shape. I've used them to help with my Great Dane as well as help friends train their dogs. It's the first place I go to help answer users Questions. Many training issues are too extensive to answer in this forum, which is why I refer a lot of the load to his site. Update: I've been using and recommending DogProblems for three years now. I, as well as my users, value the techniques we've learned. I get weekly emails from users who have become better owners from the information they received.

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Border Collie Q&A

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hey my border collie has been itching her belly alot and i checked for fleas but she doesnt have any. do anyone know what it could be i got some cream to stop her itching thats working i just wonder if anyone knows what it could be. its not fleas. thanks kat

since border collies are bred in such great multitudes the breed may have inherited some problems form the over excesive breeding. for instance, some have become allergic to some varieties of grasses. this also common in other breeds the have beed bred a lot over long periods of is rare that this becomes serious but it is possible.for further information, please contact your vet who might have more accurate answers and provide medication for your dog's itch.


I want know if i can use the Borer Collie for hunting?

No. Generally these dogs are used for herding. But obviously you could. Use a hunting breed like a Lab or a goldie retriever instead. Buy a border collie for herding sheep instead.


Me and my sister really want to get a border collie, we live in a fairly big house but we have hardly any grass, we live right next to a beach and are down the road from a park. Our mum thinks that it won't be enough room. Is she right? If we were to take the dog for a walk/run everyday would this be enough exercise?

if you have done your research,then you know that border collies need plenty of exercise as they are bred for sheep hurding.but if your that close to the beach and you take the dog out morning and evening for hour or so then it should not be a problem.when we take our collie to the beach,then as soon as she see`s the sea,she runs of like a looney.and when we reach the sea we find her playing with her ball and trying to throw it into the make sure that they get plenty of exercise and all should be fine


Our Border Collie's eyes (he is hallf Americam Eskimo) do not reflect light at night as our Labrador's do. Why?

Dogs have what is known as a reflecting tapetum located behind the retina in the eyes which captures light and reflects it back at the retina giving the eyes a second chance to capture any available light especially in dim lighting conditions. This is what causes dog's eyes to glow. Husky-type dogs, especially those with blue eyes, may not have a reflecting tapetum so their eyes do not glow when illuminated. This is thought to be an accidental occurence resulting from selective breeding. In northern regions where these dogs were bred to work the ground is covered with snow most of the year which provides reflected ground light.


Are the long haired variety soft to the touch to stroke, assuming dog is properly groomed? Personally I love the look of german shepherd also but their coat isnt the most pleasant to stroke.

I have a Border Collie, and he is so soft, even when he gets dirty.


Do all border collies have really long fur? Not counting the smooth-coat collies. My mum doesn't want us to get one because she thinks their long fur would be a problem with grooming and shedding. Is this true?

For the most part, yes. They have a thick undercoat and then long wavey and eventually shaggy overcoat (by dead of winter). But it can be trimmed down to the undercoat for a "summer haircut". Makes the dog look "funny" for about 3 months before the hair starts to outgrow the undercoat The natural shedding usually starts around late June/early July. But if you give it a summer haircut, get it in early May, so by the time October rolls around they have their winter coat well on its way to flilling out.


What kind of jobs/task can I give my Boarder Collie during the day to make him happier?

If you are outdoors with him, that should be enough to keep him happy, provided he is not on a lead. They love to run around exploring. For the indoor times, I find a large variety of toys is needed ranging from ropes to chews.


I would like to know when border collies typically come into heat the first time and time between cycles

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