Pomeranian Information

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(Pom, Dwarf Spitz, Zwergspitz, Loulou) The Pomeranian is a compact toy dog with a short-backed build and an alert, intelligent expression. The breed is curious and buoyant, and every move they make is sound and coordinated. Their medium-boned body is slightly taller than it is long, and the length of their limbs is well in proportion to the rest of the frame. They have a short neck that is set well into the shoulders to permit a high head carriage. Their topline is level and their ribs are well-developed. The distinctive tail lies flat and straight against the back. Their moderately muscled shoulders are sufficiently set back to provide support to their neck and allow their head to be carried proudly. Their forelegs are straight and parallel to one another, and their compact feet are well-arched and turn neither in nor out. They have sturdy, straight pasterns and well-balanced hindquarters. Their rear is set well behind the base of their tail. Hocks of this breed are perpendicular to the ground and stifles are clearly defined and moderately bent. The head of the Pomeranian is in proportion to the rest of the dog’s body. The closed skull is slightly rounded on its top. Their small ears are carried erect, and their medium-sized eyes are bright, almond-shaped, and dark in color. They have a short, fine, straight muzzle and a black nose. Their teeth close in a scissors bite. The profuse coat of the Pomeranian is a distinctive characteristic. This double coat consists of a soft, dense undercoat and a long, straight, harsh outer coat. Hair is most abundant around the neck, shoulders, and chest, where it forms a frill. Coat colors for this breed include black and tan, brindle, parti-color, and a number of other shades.

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The Pomeranian is intelligent, lively, and eager to learn. They are loyal to their owner and family, and they are very independent. They are bold, willful, and sometimes a bit temperamental. When raised with them from an early age, the Pomeranian usually gets along well with cats and other dogs. This breed has a tendency to be oblivious of its small size, and they will not hesitate to attack strange dogs that are much larger than they are. They have a propensity to be leery of strangers, and they will bark excessively at people they haven’t seen before. Proper training and socialization can help alleviate these traits. Unlike many other toy breeds, the Pomeranian is not clingy. They are alert, curious, and proud, and they are good at learning a variety of tricks. If spoiled or improperly trained, they will become demanding and willful. They aren’t recommended for young children, and too much attention can make these dogs become nervous. They get along well with older, considerate children. They are docile, even-tempered, and affectionate, and they appeal to many people who normally don’t care for toy dogs.

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7 – 12 inches

AKC breed standards do not include height. But 12 inches is considered a large Pomeranian and is rare.
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3 – 7 pounds

Male: 1.8-2.4kg Female: 2.5-2.8kg
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General Health

Some lines of the Pomeranian are prone to slipped stifle, dislocated patella, and heart problems. Other health concerns include skin problems and eye infections. Because the breed is susceptible to early tooth loss, they should be given dry food and small dog biscuits to keep their gums and teeth in healthy condition. Regular cleaning should also be given to these dogs by the veterinarian. Newborn Pomeranians are rather tiny and fragile. Small-sized females often have to deliver their pups by cesarean section. Elderly Pomeranians may become molted with bald spots. This breed typically lives for 15 years or longer.

This breed may live up to 16 years or more on average.

When the female are desexed, they put on weight. Some dogs of this breed gets like a whistler when they breathe. But some are very loving and don't like other dogs coming here you or them.

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The Pomeranian was developed in the Prussian region of Pomerania. The breed originally descended from the ancient northern Spitz breeds that were first brought to Europe in order to herd sheep. While the Pomeranian has since been bred down in size, the breed’s ancestors weighed up to thirty pounds. Famous owners of these dogs include Marie Antoinette, Emile Zola, and Mozart. Queen Victoria became a fancier of the breed, and in the late 1800’s, she actually established her own kennel for their breeding. Today, the Pomeranian is a coveted companion and beautiful show dog. Some of the breed’s natural talents include agility, trick performing, and watching.

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The long-haired, double coat of the Pomeranian should be brushed frequently. The undercoat of this breed sheds once or twice per year. Eyes and ears should be cleaned on a daily basis, and teeth should be regularly checked by a veterinarian. This breed is a constant shedder.

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Ideal Environment

The Pomeranian is well-suited to life in a small household or apartment. They are a comparatively active breed indoors, and they are content to live without a yard. Because of their long-haired coat, they should be kept inside in hot weather to avoid overheating. If given regular opportunities to run around in a small yard, the Pomeranian is capable of getting enough exercise on its own. They also enjoy going for long walks.

Due to the breed's small size and sometimes snappy attitude, Pomeranians are best suited to a family with children over eight years of age. But if introduced at an early age and with proper training Pomeranians are wonderful with children of all ages.

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Dog Training!

If you're having problems training your dog or getting control, you should read our review of DogProblems.com. Adam will do whatever it takes to help you whip your dog into shape. I've used them to help with my Great Dane as well as help friends train their dogs. It's the first place I go to help answer users Questions. Many training issues are too extensive to answer in this forum, which is why I refer a lot of the load to his site. Update: I've been using and recommending DogProblems for three years now. I, as well as my users, value the techniques we've learned. I get weekly emails from users who have become better owners from the information they received.

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Pomeranian Q&A

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My Pom is a purebred, however, I opted not to get papers....I am noticing that her hair is longer but not as full. She is 9 months and I’m wondering if her hair is done growing??? Will it become fuller as she ages? At what age is she full grown?

She`s still pretty young. Her hair might not be full yet because she hasn`t gone through a full year`s worth of seasons. She should start to grow her undercoat soon and that should make her look a lot fuller. Small dogs usually reach adult weight around 1 year. Large breeds stop growing around 2 years. If she starts to show rapid weight gain after a year, switch her from puppy food to adult. My mother kept her Chihuahua and Schipperke on puppy food until 2 years and they got very fat.


my pom seems to be loosing hair at the base of herneck on her back, is this normal ? i have tried taking off the flea collar, change the food and am about to give up.

Try using special shapooos or go to a vet to make sure it's not likned with cacer or something.


My pom is 11 years old going on 12, she has never been on a leash AT ALL in her life. Is to late to train her?

no....an old dog can still learn new tricks,though she might not be as eager to learn...


Approxiately at what time will a pomeranian puppy stop growing? Is there a way to determine from the size of a puppy, what size the dog will be at maturity? Is there a toy breed weight chart?

A pom usually gains their approximate adult size by 4-6 months. That of course does not account for overfeeding. Some breeders have size charts posted on their sites but I cannot vouch for their accuracy.


I bought my Pomeranian at a pet store and they promised he is a full blooded Pomeranian. He even came with papers showing who his family is. He is 8 months old and weighs 15.5 lbs. He is not fat. This is twice as big as a large Pomeranian should be, so does it mean he isn't full blooded?

I just got a pomimo and her father is a 15 pound parti pom, much larger than my 7 and 9 lb. poms so this is an interesting question I would like answered too.


Hello my pom boy is 11mo old when can he go on adult food? He weighs about 10 1/2lbs how much food should he be feed each day? Thanks

You should actually start putting him on dog food right now. He is fairly an adult dog with an adult dogs weight. For how much feeding daily, give him a cup of dry dog food.


My pom is 4 months old and is very fragile and active but he is having boils and fungal infection. what should i do? Is sugar and salt harmful for pom dogs?My pom loves ice-cream and sugar products but is least interested in having his dog biscuits. can you suggest other alternative?

A Pom should never be fed anything with milk or sugar. They become diabetic easily. Feed only a good quaility dry dog food. For treats, I suggest Cheerios.


We have a pom that is about 3 years old and he still has a bad habit of not being consistent with this potty training. If we are home with him he's usually pretty good, however when he and our other dog are here alone he doesn't seem to hesitate to relieve himself. Any suggestions?

Well, I suggest that you should not hesitate to give him rewards when being good. But also this problem may root from not taking him to relieve himself much or it could be a lack of something in his diet. Thanks for asking:)


Our Pom is a little over a year old- he eats -drinks -is a whirlwind of energy- His nose was black as in the online photo with the Police figure- we noticeed his nose is turning pinkish now? Could it be from one plastic dish or sticking his nose in the winter snow? He's supervised when in the yard to do his business. All his bowls are stainless & we tossed the palstic dish.

My malti-poos nose started getting lighter after about a year of age. I asked the vet and they said that this happens to some dogs - nothing weird.


My pomeranian will be two years old in April and now my boyfriend wants to get another(bigger) dog. What kind of dog will interact the best with my pom?

I've had my pom (Stinky) for about two years now. About six months ago I got a beagle (Margot). They get around wonderfully. My boyfriend's parents have a HUGE mixed dog (we think she's lab and rot) and they also get along good. My parents have an older lab and Stinky gets along great with him also.

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